Keyoh Holder, Sally Sam at ancestral village of Susk’uz

Each extended family had their own village on their Keyoh. Susk’uz is the name of the village where Sally’s grandparents lived in pit houses. Susk’uz is also the location of Sally’s family’s grave yard. Susk’uz was the family’s main village site, along with a number of camps on the Maiyoo Keyoh. Other families had their own village and country or territory called a keyoh. Each family have historic rights to hunt, trap and fish with exclusive use and occupancy of their territory, use by others is by permission.


Notice of Aboriginal Title

Notice of Aboriginal Title

2002 Notice of Aboriginal Title

 On June 26, 2014, the Supreme Court of Canada handed down a major ruling on aboriginal title in its Nation Tsilhqot’in v. British Columbia decision.[1]

The Court confirmed and applied the conditions for establishing aboriginal title that it had set out earlier in Delgamuukw (which in turn built on the earlier test for aboriginal rights established in Van Der Peet). These conditions may be summarized as follows:

a)    the First Nations group must establish that the occupation of its territory prior to sovereignty was sufficient to ground aboriginal title;

b)    where present occupation is relied on as proof of occupation prior to Crown sovereignty, the First Nations group must establish continuity between present and pre-sovereignty occupation; and

c)    the First Nations group must establish that it had exclusive occupation of the land at the time of sovereignty, evidenced by its intention and capacity to retain exclusive control over the lands.

The Stuart Lake Carrier family groups with their Keyohs, such as the Maiyoo Keyoh, meet all the tests established for Aboriginal Title by the Supreme Court of Canada.

Sally Sam, Keyohwhudachun

Chief Sally Sam, Keyohwhudachun, Maiyoo Keyoh

On July 5th, 2002, Chief Sally Sam, Keyohwhudachun of the Maiyoo Keyoh provided notice of the Maiyoo Keyoh’s Title and Rights to the Province of British Columbia.

Donate and help the Maiyoo Keyoh pursue their Rights & Title to protect the ancestral Maiyoo Keyoh Territory.